Wetland ecology; plant community dynamics of coastal marshes, mangroves; disturbance and regeneration ecology of wetland vegetation; influence of sea level rise on coastal wetlands; community and ecosystem processes of created and restored wetlands; nutrient effects on wetland plant communities
Kaye L. Brunaker
Physical hydrology; numerical modeling; stream and estuary water-quality modeling; water vapor transport; hydroclimatology; land-atmosphere interactions
Atmosphere-biosphere interactions, greenhouse gas fluxes, global environmental changes, effects of atmospheric deposition and human activities on nutrient dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems, the composition of the atmosphere
Organic geochemistry; carbon cycling in riverine, estuarine and coastal ecosystems using biomarker techniques; biomarker techniques to examine transport and fates of terrestrial organic matter in coastal, estuarine, and continental shelf environments; release of nitrogen/phosphorus nutrients from agricultural land and urban development to aquatic ecosystem, dynamics of nutrient in stream and coastal bays of Eastern Shore
Nanostructure technology for environmental, biomedical and clinical applications; surface chemistry; nuclear medicine; trace metals and radionuclides detection and removal; electrokinetic phenomena
Biogeochemistry and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems, including the effects of management, land use change, and climatic change on soil C and N stocks, trace gas emissions from soils, and leaching of plant nutrients to streams and groundwater. Current study areas include the Brazilian Amazon Basin and Cerrado region and the forests of New England.
Application of TG/MS/GC to the study of the spontaneous combustion of low rank coals and lignites
Keith N. Eshleman
Watershed and wetlands hydrology; groundwater/surface water interactions; biogeochemical processes in upland and wetland ecosystems; hydrochemical modeling; ecosystem interactions with land use change
Spatial modeling and mapping of global change, with an emphasis on patterns of biodiversity and range expansion of native and invasive species; species distribution modeling, simulation modeling, biogeography, macroecology, global change ecology, biodiversity informatics and conservation
J. Edward Gates
Wildlife, habitat and landscape ecology; habitat fragmentation and alteration, connectivity, edge effects and boundary dynamics; habitat suitability for vertebrate species
Nutritional requirements of roaster chickens; reduction of carcass fat in broilers and roasters; bone abnormalities of chickens
Andra Karen Johnson
Assessing the health of Atlantic menhaden using several biomarkers of fish health: indictors of tissue damage, nutritional status and exposure to environmental stressors, immune function and disease
Molecular ecology and genomics; biological invasions; species range expansions; rapid evolution; genetic basis of adaptation; evolutionary responses to climate change; metapopulations; population structure and gene flow
The ecology of native and invasive mosquitoes in water-filled containers, wetlands, and drainage systems; species that are affected both by human disruption (e.g., climate change, land use change, and globalization) and that present social, economic and health risks
Conservation and ecology of amphibians and reptiles, with interest at multiple scales - including population, community and ecosystems - especially as they are affected by emerging infectious disease and global change
Andrew J. Miller
Surface-water hydrology and fluvial geomorphology; interaction between flow patterns and boundary conditions imposed by geometry; effects of human activities on watershed hydrology and river channels
Paleontology, paleoecology, and paleoenvironmental studies of cretaceous-quarterary sediments of atlantic coastal plains; factors impacting the decline of submerged aquatic vegetation; photoplankton dynamics
Forest ecosystems; air pollution effects on ecosystem processes through plants; tree and crop ecophysiology; applied statistical analysis and experimental design in natural resources
Integration of advanced technologies of mechatronics in the fields of precision agriculture, environmental, marine and geosciences; remote sensing and image analysis
Applying the concepts and tools of pedology to solve environmental problems; pollutant fate and transport; improving management and phosphorus fate and transport; carbon sequestration in tidal marshes; spatial and geospatial analyses; soil mapping and applications of soil survey databases
Integration of molecular, endocrinological, and morphological endpoints to investigate the environment - genome interaction and its effect on development and reproduction; how environmental factors affect the development of sex specific characteristics and brain - piutary - gonadal axis regulation of reproduction in fishes
Stream community and ecosystem ecology; restoration ecology; stream ecosystem structure and function; influence of land use, hydrology, and geomorphology on health of running-water ecosystems
Sorption of organics/inorganics, surface chemistry, separation processes, water and wastewater treatment, soil and site remediation, pollution prevention/washer minimization; stormwater management
Exposure assessment and environmental epidemiology; understanding human exposures to chemical agents in the environment and how this exposure may vary across space and time, as well as between different population groups using personal air monitoring as well as urinary and serum based biomarkers of exposure; identification of specific subpopulations that are at increased risk of developing diseases
Amy R. Sapkota
Microbial environmental exposure assessment, with a focus on evaluating the complex relationships between the environment, food and water production systems, and human infectious disease
Bioenvironmental and water resources engineering; water quality/transport modeling; non-point source pollution assessment using an integrated watershed approach
Bradley G. Stevens
Fisheries ecology; reproduction and early life history of crustaceans and mollusks; crustacean growth, molting, and feeding; use of in-situ technology (video, ROVs, submersibles) for studying abundance and behavior of marine species; bycatch, discard, mortality, and impact of derelict fishing gear
J. Court Stevenson
Coastal zone resources and water quality management; ecology of marsh and sea grass systems; effects of sea-level rise on wetlands and coastal shorelines; environmental history of the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed
The response of plants to various forms of environmental stress - both natural and anthropogenic; physiological mechanisms that enable plants to exist in a wide range of environmental conditions; how human activities implant plat, agricultural or ecosystem productivity
David Rogers Tilley
Ecological engineering; wetland assessment with hyperspectral radiometry; ecosystem filtration of air pollutants; net energy analysis of bio-fuels; environmental accounting and energy analysis
Robert Tjaden Jr.
Environmental and natural resource management and policy; forest fertilization; nutrient trading; ecosystem services; social attitudes toward environmental and natural resource management
Risk analysis and decision support tools for prioritizing natural resource management options; invasive species risk assessment; wetland restoration prioritization; ecological and economic indicators for communicating relative costs and benefits of natural resource change
Raymond R. Weil
Soil ecology; plant-soil relationships; soil fertility; soil quality; environmental impacts of agricultural systems; nutrient and carbon cycling; cover crops in sustainable cropping systems; soil management.
Transport processes in aquifers; mathematical modeling of groundwater flow and transport in porous and fractured media; application of stochastic methods to interpreting groundwater problems; design and analysis of field scale hydraulic and tracer tests
Microbial interactions and functioning in soils, with the overall goal of understanding environmental factors that affect microbial community composition and how microbial community structure in turn affects ecosystem function; examination of how subsurface microbial communities change during soil formation and how microbial communities vary due to anthropogenic disturbance.
Lance T. Yonkos
Point and non-point source pollution effects on the health of aquatic biota particularly in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries; endocrine disruption as a consequence of environmental exposure to complex contaminant mixtures.
Environmental science and policy, coupled human and natural systems, biogeochemical cycles of carbon and nitrogen, earth system modeling, atmospheric-biosphere interactions.